Response or Comment
Enemies or Allies?: Widening the Scope of Conflict, 66 Texas Law Review 1621 (1988)
Professor Gray's characterization of Title VII case law involving universities is generally correct: colleges and universities have been the big winners; individual challengers to hiring, promotion, and tenure decisions have been the big losers. However, this pattern is not very different from the outcomes of individual treatment cases generally, and specifically of cases involving so-called "higher level" jobs: plaintiffs win very few.
Date of Authorship for this Version
"Enemies or Allies?: Widening the Scope of Conflict" (1988). Faculty Scholarship Series. 1486.