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Collapsible Corporations Under the Tax Reform Act of 1986, 35 Cleveland State Law Review 1 (1986)


In 1982, the American Law Institute described the collapsible corporation
rules, set out in § 341, as "characterized by a pathological degree
of complexity, vagueness and uncertainty." Four years later, it became
possible to augment this description by saying that § 341 became triply
anomalous with the enactment of the Tax Reform Act of 1986. First, as a
tax avoidance device, the collapsible corporation rested on a tax rule that
was repealed in 1986. Second, § 341 was nevertheless preserved virtually
intact by the 1986 Act; indeed, its reach was slightly expanded.
Third, the punitive remedy employed by § 341 to discourage the use of
collapsible corporations became, at most, a slap on the wrist. Thus, the first and second anomalies are neutralized, rather than multiplied, by the

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