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Human Rights in the United Nations (with Gerhard Bebr), 58 American Journal of International Law 603 (1964)


The human rights program of the United Nations represents a tremendous collective effort, by the formulation of accepted principle and the establishment of new procedures, to extend protection of basic individual liberties, most broadly conceived, to levels of effective authority higher than the nation state. Rational appraisal of this program would require comprehensive consideration of the goals of the program, the conditions under which these goals are being sought, the inadequacies of traditional international law, the origins and scope of the program, the specific content of proposed United Nations prescriptions, measures of enforcement being proposed and finding acceptance, and experience thus far in the application of new principle. Our exposition here must of necessity be brief and impressionistic.

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