Document Type



Pennsylvania's Clarifying Amendment For Declaratory Judgments, 93 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 50 (1944)


On May 26 1943, the Pennsylvania legislature adopted the following amendment to Section 6 of the Uniform Declaratory Judgments Act, originally enacted in 1923:1 Sec. 6: Relief by declaratory judgment or decree may be granted in all civil cases where an actual controversy exists between contending parties, or where the court is satisfied that antagonistic claims are present between the parties involved which indicate imminent and inevitable litigation, or where in any such case the court is satisfied' that a party asserts a legal relation, status, right, or privilege in which he has a concrete interest and that there is a challenge or denial of such asserted relation, status, right, or privilege by an adversary party who also has or asserts a concrete interest therein, and the court is satisfied also that a declaratory judgment or decree will serve to terminate the uncertainty or controversy giving rise to the proceeding. Where, however, a statute provides a special form of remedy for a specific type of case, that statutory remedy must be followed; but the mere fact that an actual or threatened controversy is susceptible of relief through a general common law remedy, or an equitable remedy, or an extraordinary legal remedy, whether such remedy is recognized or regulated by statute or not, shall not debar a party from the privilege of obtaining a declaratory judgment or decree in any case where the other essentials to such relief are present; but proceeding by declaratory judgment shall not be permitted in any case where a divorce or annulment of marriage is sought. This amendment, drafted by Chief Justice von Moschzisker after his retirement from the court, has a history going back to 1933.

Date of Authorship for this Version



Von Moschzisker, Kariher's Petition, C. S. Potts