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3 Review of Constitutional Studies 218 (1996)


The question whether constitutional human rights merely define and delimit the relationship between citizen and state or whether such rights also apply to relations between citizens is fundamental to any constitutional democracy. The author examines the scope of the application of constitutional human rights to private law with a view to resolving the issue for the Israeli context. He sets out and analyses four models for defining the appropriate scope of the application of constitutional human rights and roots these models in the jurisprudence of various countries. The author goes on to make a case for the model in which constitutional human rights apply, albeit indirectly, to relations between private citizens. Such an approach, he argues, is the one most consistent with the guiding impulses that drive human rights: respect for equality, dignity and individual autonomy. In addition, the author argues, the tools for facilitating his model of choice already exist in private law, in the form of concepts like "good faith," "public policy" and "unconscionably. "

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