Lisa Laplante and Suzanne Spears undertake an admirable agenda in
their article, Extracting Without Conflict: The Case for Community Consent
Processes. Employing an anthropological approach to understanding
community resistance to extractive industry projects, the authors posit that
the escalating conflicts between extractive industry (EI) firms and host
communities can be "better understood as disputes over community
control of resources and the right of community members to control the
direction of their lives." Their proposed solution is that El firms
voluntarily engage in consent processes with host communities, with a
commitment to obtaining their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)
before receiving legal authorization and financial approval of an extractive
project. It is obvious that host communities would favor a process that
accords them full participatory rights -including the right to withhold
their consent-in development decisions affecting the land and resources
on which they subsist. Laplante and Spears present the more complicated
case for why EI firms should likewise be amenable to voluntary FPIC
procedures, relying on the fact that community opposition can prove to be
Chan, Connie K.
"Lisa J. Laplante & Suzanne A. Spears, Out of the Conflict Zone: The Case for Community Consent Processes in the Extractive Sector,"
Yale Human Rights and Development Journal:
1, Article 7.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yhrdlj/vol11/iss1/7