It is widely accepted that citizens of the wealthiest nations have

contributed the most to climate change through high consumption and

greenhouse gas-intensive production, and that, in turn, climate change is

geographically most threatening to some of the world's poorest persons.

This inequitable situation - where the consumption habits of the wealthy

are understood to produce observable adverse effects on the less well-off -

suggests that assigning responsibility for climate change should involve an

appeal to principles of distributive justice. A just solution to climate change

has two main components. First, it should satisfy a goal of equal treatment

by rebalancing the existing distribution of economic and political influence

in order to give all nations the ability to s1hape the global institutions that

affect them. Second, it should reduce total global emissions while

equalizing among nations the consumption of greenhouse gas-producing

goods and activities. This Note suggests that the best way to satisfy both

requirements is to implement equal per capita allocation of emissions

rights (EPCA).