This Article argues that economic, social, and cultural rights are the key

to effectively realizing human rights in Africa. It contends that human

rights discourse on the indivisible bundle of rights must be put into

practice in the African context, where these rights are people's primary

means of self-defense. First, the Article argues that African governments'

failure to enthrone enforceable socio-economic rights compromises civil

and political rights. It then examines the inextricable link between these

rights and development, arguing that there is no justification for

discriminatory enforcement of human rights. The Article addresses

factors inhibiting the realization of these rights. It highlights the broad

consequences of the continued marginalization of socio-economic rights.

Finally, it urges a rejection of the Western model and explores approaches

to improve the fortunes of these rights. It concludes that selective

enforcement of human rights in the context of worsening social, economic,

civil, and political conditions is a heedless truncation of humanity.