Convictions, if they are to be legitimate, must be based on credible
evidence presented in a public trial. The conflict between the right of an
accused to a public trial and the exceptional pressures on victim witnesses
of war crimes is omnipresent in ICTY trials. Recently, the ICTY has
begun to favor witness protection. These overly liberal grants of witness
protection measures, including heavy reliance on affidavits over live
testimony, closed sessions, face and voice distortion, and even
pseudonyms, threaten the goals of the Tribunal - to provide accurate
historical records of terrible events and fair treatment of accused war
Wald, Patricia M.
"Dealing with Witnesses in War Crime Trials: Lessons from the Yugoslav Tribunal,"
Yale Human Rights and Development Journal:
1, Article 6.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yhrdlj/vol5/iss1/6