The U.S.-Cambodia Bilateral Textile Trade Agreement, signed
on January 20, 1999, was remarkable for its inclusion of a labor
standards provision that created incentives for the Cambodian
garment industry to bring itself into substantial compliance
with international labor standards and Cambodian labor law.
The labor standards provision provided the impetus for the
creation of a novel program, to be operated by the International
Labor Organization (ILO). This program combined trade-related
incentives to enforce workers' rights with an unprecedented plan
to have the ILO conduct factory-level monitoring of working
conditions. This Article examines how the program was
designed and implemented and evaluates the proposals and
conceptions that preceded the final project document. This
analysis provides a case study on how to construct and
implement future programs that combine trade and factory
monitoring to improve working conditions and enforce core
labor rights along the global supply chain.
"Trade, Monitoring, and the ILO: Working To Improve Conditions in Cambodia's Garment Factories,"
Yale Human Rights and Development Journal:
1, Article 3.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yhrdlj/vol7/iss1/3