This Note outlines a conceptual framework for defining and analyzing innovation in the professional practice of medicine and law. The two professions have structural and historical similarities, and both are organized around the principal-agent relationship. Some types of professional activity adhere to the traditional agency model of principal-centered practice, but innovative professionals who develop novel tools and techniques often deviate from the agency model in interesting ways.
Polaris, Julian J.Z.
"Principles over Principals? How Innovation Affects the Agency Relationship in Medical and Legal Practice,"
Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics:
2, Article 2.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjhple/vol14/iss2/2