In recent years, force has increasingly been used as a means of settling disputes in the Southern African region. The unfinished struggle for decolonization, rising demands for self-determination, and the system of apartheid have figured prominently among the factors contributing to this increase. This incident focuses on South Africa's military incursion into three neighboring African states-Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe-in May 1986. Relying extensively on the reactions of the international community, particularly state elites, it analyzes the extent to which international legal norms concerning self-defense and national liberation movements were clarified or modified and assesses their present status in contemporary international law.
South Africa's May 1986 Military Incursions Into Neighboring African States,
Yale J. Int'l L.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjil/vol12/iss2/10