The implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is vitally important to the development of world public order. The Covenant provides for establishment of a monitoring body-the United Nations Human Rights Committee-which has functioned since 1977 under article 40 of the Covenant and under the Optional Protocol relating to the Right of Individual Petition. Although the mandate of the Committee, as described in article 40 of the Covenant, confers little specific enforcement power, the Committee has developed tactful procedures for engaging States Parties in extensive dialogue on their adherence to their treaty obligations.
Jaap A. Walkate,
The Human Rights Committee and Public Emergencies,
Yale J. Int'l L.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjil/vol9/iss1/7