The consumer and environmental movement that ushered in the 1970s brought with it several unique experiments in governmental control over business behavior. President Nixon reorganized the federal government to create the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) just as Congress was enacting comprehensive amendments to the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act. Congress created the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to administer new and existing statutes designed to protect children and the general public from hazardous products. A revitalized Federal Trade Commission began to use its latent rulemaking powers, and Congress soon gave it new powers to write rules to harness industry. Even the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began to experiment with procedural innovations designed to enhance its regulatory efficiency.
Sidney A. Shapiro & Thomas O. McGarity,
Reorienting OSHA: Regulatory Alternatives and Legislative Reform,
Yale J. on Reg.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjreg/vol6/iss1/2