That women earn less-much less-than men remains a fact of American life, and neither a new nor an obscure one. Recognized since the time of the First World War, this wage gap persists, despite a concerted effort beginning in the 1960's to address the problem through legislation. Advocates of wage equality for the sexes were in fact able to secure legislation advancing their goals. In 1963, the federal Equal Pay Act (EPA) was passed; nine years later, Title VII was added to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and since that time, many state and local governments have followed the lead of Congress, passing laws which targeted sex discrimination in employment.
"Toward Comparable Worth: The Minnesota Experience,"
Yale Law & Policy Review:
2, Article 9.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/ylpr/vol2/iss2/9