While Brown v. Board of Education marked the beginning of the end of de jure discrimination in American society, the decision did not lead to de facto equality for African-Americans, Hispanics, and members of other disadvantaged groups. Notwithstanding the efforts of distinguished jurists such as Judge A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., the economic disparities between blacks and whites actually increased in the aftermath of the Brown decision-especially for bluecollar workers.
Hutch, Daniel J.
"The Rationale for Including Disadvantaged Communities in the Smart Growth Metropolitan Development Framework,"
Yale Law & Policy Review: Vol. 20
, Article 8.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/ylpr/vol20/iss2/8