"On an average day, 15 people die waiting for an organ that could have saved their lives-that's someone every 96 minutes." Each year, thousands of preventable deaths occur due to an inadequate supply of organs for transplantation. This well-documented organ shortage has led, in some parts of the world, to a thriving black market in organs. A wide range of suggestions for addressing this problem has been proposed, from presumed consent laws to a national organ draft. Some commentators have argued that parent-guardians should be permitted to tender proxy consent for organ donation on behalf of legally incompetent individuals (children and the mentally impaired) when the intended recipient is an immediate family member of the potential donor, while others have gone so far as to recommend the use of anencephalic infants as donors.

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