Document Type


Citation Information

Please cite to the original publication


Affirmative action is so burning it's boring. Why? Partly because so much of what one sees and hears on the subject smacks of hypocrisy or speaking in code. Exhibit A: the name of California's affirmative-action-killing referendum, the "Civil Rights Initiative." Exhibit B: the term "affirmative action." Exhibit C: "I oppose affirmative action because it's harmful to minorities." Exhibit D: "Diversity is not counter to merit; it's an aspect of merit." Exhibit E: "[T]he fact that he is black and a minority has nothing to do with this in the sense that he is the best qualified at this time."

This Essay rethinks the constitutionality of race-based, governmental affirmative action measures. There are, I know, a thousand essays on the same topic already. I make one promise: Readers who persevere will learn something new.

Date of Authorship for this Version


Included in

Law Commons