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Francis Fukuyama's interesting book, The End of History and the Last Man, has garnered an astonishing amount of press. Fukuyama's essay, "The End of History," on which the book was based, appeared in The National Interest in 1989, and its publication was followed by what Stephen Holmes aptly described as a "worldwide out-pouring of reactions." It is rare, if not unprecedented, for a mere political theorist to write a scholarly article that garners headlines in popular publications such as Time and Newsweek. As many have observed, Fukuyama so seriously mischaracterizes the current state of the world that it is highly doubtful his work will have a lasting influence. It would be unfortunate, however, if the factual shortcomings in Fukuyama's work were allowed to obscure the important and valuable observations which it contains. In this essay we will rehabilitate Fukuyama's argument by identifying the limited extent to which he is, in fact, correct in his observation that history has ended.

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