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Deregulation, much like regulation itself, is a rational political response to pressure from discrete economic groups that benefit from such deregulation. Such pressures explain many, if not all, of the actions and inactions of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) with respect to implementing a national market system in the United States. For example, Gregg Jarrell, the chief economist at the SEC, recently relied upon such a "political support theory," to explain the SEC's abolition of fixed-rate commissions on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
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