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It is common knowledge that racial segregation is not restricted to the South. Every major industrial city in the North has a separate all-Negro community characterized by high population density, a very heavy percentage of slum dwellings, and steady expansion into whatever contiguous areas it can penetrate. The Northern pattern of segregation is much less severe than that of the South, but it has created serious problems in many areas—among them, housing. Rapid increase in the Negro population of Northern metropolitan centers, caused in large part by continuing migration from the South, accentuates these problems. In the past fifteen years, for example, Chicago's Negro population has grown from 275,000 to 625,000.
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