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In our adversarial system of legal representation, ethical rules of
attorney conduct focus on protecting the client. Accordingly, the two
mainstays of legal ethics are the duties, owed to clients, of loyalty and
confidentiality. The duty of loyalty requires lawyers to adopt clients'
interests as their own; the duty of confidentiality requires lawyers to keep
matters relating to a representation confidential. A lawyer and client can
then act together as a close working group, generally governed by
principles of agency law.
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