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In this tightly compressed and thought-provoking little book, sixth in a series of United Nations Studies published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Professor Lissitzyn seeks to appraise the role of the International Court of Justice "as an instrument for the maintenance of international peace and security." Taking the maintenance of international peace and security as the principal function of the United Nations, Professor Lissitzyn organizes the "means" by which this end is sought into three interrelated "categories": (1) the "creation and maintenance of conditions conducive to peaceful relations among states and to a general feeling of security"; (2) "peaceful settlement or adjustment of disputes and situations likely to disturb friendly relations between states"; and (3) "effective action to prevent or suppress breaches of the peace" (p. 3). With respect to each of these "means," the author reviews, with a detailed analysis of decisions and factors affecting decision, the performance and promise of the Court, treating the old and new courts as one continuous institution.

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