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Personal Jurisdiction and Substantive Legal Relations: Corporations, Conspiracies, and Agency, (with Kathleen Paisley), 74 California Law Review 1 (1986)


What difference does it make, for purposes of asserting personal jurisdiction,
that a defendant has substantive legal ties with other parties
concededly subject to a court's jurisdiction? What effect do such affiliations
have on the constitutional limits contained in the "minimum contacts"
test' of "fair play and substantial justice"?2 In some situations,
they apparently makes no difference. If a defendant's biological parent is
subject to jurisdiction in a forum, it does not automatically subject the
defendant to suit, even though the parent-child relationship is a legal as well as biological one. In other situations, a legal relationship does have jurisdictional significance. If a corporate defendant's parent is subject to
suit, this may enhance the forum's ability to bring the corporate subsidiary
before its courts.

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