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By now, Fred Shapiro can lay claim to be the founding father of a new and peculiar discipline: "legal citology." Citology, the study of citations, should not be confused with "cytology," which is the biological study of cells. Legal citology is the systematic study of the citation practices of those professors, research assistants, and law review editors who produce articles in journals widely circulated in the legal academy. Of course other people-judges, politicians, journalists, and even ordinary citizens writing letters to the editor-may occasionally cite law journal articles. Yet, unsurprisingly, academics are most interested in citations by people like themselves, who publish primarily in academic journals. So we're confident that Shapiro's new article will, like its predecessor, be avidly read (and gossiped about) by members of the legal academy. More than a few of us will be eager to discover who ranks where and to speculate, with mixed tones of admiration, envy, and outright rancor, about the justice of whatever kudos are signified by high citation counts.

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