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The existence of modern intelligence agencies presents a critical
dilemma for any democratic society. The term "intelligence
agency," as used here, does not refer to ordinary police forces investigating
traditional crime or administrative agencies seeking to
enforce regulatory measures. Rather it designates agencies, such as
the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Central Intelligence
Agency, the National Security Agency, and the intelligence services
of the armed forces, that seek to collect a broad range of information
for use by the government, including information relating to
the political opinions and activities of various targeted individuals
and groups. The development of such agencies in the United
States is, at least on the present scale, a relatively new phenomenon.
Normal democratic controls designed to prevent abuses in the
exercise of official authority have not caught up with this form of
government activity.

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