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Of late the impetus to procedural reform resulting from the interest created by the adoption in 1938 of the new federal rules of procedure has tended more and more to emphasize a re-examination of the basic court structure. This is a natural and a desirable trend. While pleading is a detail in judicial administration, a very important one in the light of our legal history, it still remains a detail. Its simplification will improve the administration of the particular court to which it applies; it will not unite into a single coherent scheme of businesslike character all the innumerable diverse, but overlapping and conflicting, tribunals so much a part of the American scene. Since the situation is usually at its worst with the so- called minor courts, the courts actually nearest the people, it is but natural that reform groups should busy themselves increasingly with this fundamental problem. And there is now at hand a solution, carefully thought through and widely supported by a rapidly increasing body of legal literature. It is the plan of the unified or integrated court, a single court of vary- ing departments under competent administrative direction. In 1949 the present writers had the opportunity, by virtue of a directive from a state government reorganization commission, to point out how the Connecticut lower courts exemplified the usual evils to a degree and to blueprint a plan of integration carrying the views of the experts to their logical conclusion. This article is therefore offered as an account of this venture and as, per- haps, a case study of at least a sober beginning to court reform in a state in real need of it.

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Court Integration in Connecticut: A Case Study of Steps in Judicial Reform (with Elias Clark), 59 Yale Law Journal 1395 (1950)

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