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An inevitable consequence of the Great War was the interruption or breaking up of commercial voyages it necessarily brought about. These acts of interference have occasioned much litigation on the question of the amount of freight earned by vessels thus rendered unable to complete their voyages, and have given renewed importance to an interesting subject of admiralty and contract law. The imagination has not conjured more varied and romantic circumstances than the actual facts of maritime adventure, as disclosed in the prosaic pages of the law reports. It may, therefore, be of interest to discover how the courts have dealt with the effect of these varying facts of force majeure, whether by act of man, God, or Government, in determining the validity and extent of the ship owner’s claim to freight.

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commercial, freight, contract, charter, marine