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In this useful series the authors and editor undertake to present the development of the law and practice of neutrality since about the sixteenth century, as exemplified in treaties and the practice of nations and prize courts. The first volume, dealing mainly with the seventeenth century but to some extent with the sixteenth and eighteenth, has brought together the contributions of treaties, court decisions and the views of early writers on contraband, blockade, enemy property, procedure and prize court practice and neutral duties.It is important for it shows that the historic struggle between belligerent and neutral claims-the belligerent to prevent trade with his enemy, the neutral to continue and trade-eventuated in a compromise by which the neutral forgoes distinctly military aid to the enemy and the belligerent must permit non-military trade. Around this principle rules have been worked out, set forth succinctly by Mr. Jessup in the Preface to volume 3.

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