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Book Review

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The author of this interesting little book, having found that after former great wars the victorious allies, in Peace Congress assembled, solemnly dedicated themselves to "the repose and prosperity of Nations, and . . . the maintenance of the peace of Europe," and other lofty sentiments significantly like those enunciated to-day, seeks to discover the reasons for the failure of realization of those pious wishes and finds them in the fact that previous peace treaties ending great wars were "founded essentially upon injustice," and in the fact that nations in the past "have been unwilling to submit to a sufficient amount of external control to make an effective international executive organ possible." The author then presents suggestions for curing, in the forthcoming League of Nations, the defects thus diagnosed. In deprecating the first he points out that "no treaty founded on injustice can endure; no possible effort to retard the irresistible progress and triumph of justice and righteousness in the world can succeed". He offers, however,no suggestion by which any different standard of "justice and righteousness" than has prevailed in the past, namely, the will of the victors, shall now be applied; and it may be remarked that the statesmen of those days in conducing peace treaties appear not to have doubted that they were the apostles of justice and righteousness. The author speaks of the "purely selfish interests" which mark earlier settlements; but aside from our own contribution, the influence of any other than selfish "interests" in the draft of the settlement now proposed is not conspicuous.

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