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JUSTICES MURPHY AND RUTLEDGE died, were buried, were mourned-and were replaced. Justice Douglas was absent most of the term with an injury. On October 3, 1949, at the first session of the new term, Chief Justice Vinson concluded his memorial remarks with the words, "Saddened by our losses but inspired by the examples of devotion to duty which Mr. Justice Murphy and Mr. Justice Rutledge have provided for us, we tum to the work before us." By the first opinion day, the bar knew that the "work before us" consisted, in substantial part, of rejecting the work and the philosophy of the late justices.

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