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OUR 450,000 American citizens who are members of Indian tribes are
probably the only racial group in the United States whose rights are more
limited in 1953 than they were in 1950. The erosion of Indian rights in this
period and the factors which contributed to that erosion can be fairly evaluated
only if we also view the background of Indian progress during the 21-year
period from 1929 to 1950. During that period more than a score of discriminatory
restrictions upon Indians were abolished; the size of Indian landholdings
increased, instead of decreasing, for the first time in American
history; the real income of most Indian families doubled or tripled; and the
Indian death rate was cut in half. During that period the Bureau of Indian
Affairs was a leading participant in almost every battle for Indian rights.

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Native American, civil rights