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The Activities and Results of Crime Surveys. This article aims to
describe the activities and ascertain the legislative results of approximately
twenty crime surveys in American cities and states during
the last ten years. To a lesser extent, attention is devoted to concrete
changes in administrative practice accomplished for the most part
without legislative aid. Owing to the great diversity in the nature of
the activities of these various agencies, it may be desirable to classify
them in some manner, however arbitrary. From the standpoint of
research pursued by qualified experts, the Cleveland Crime Survey,
the Missouri Crime Survey, the work of the Illinois Association for
Criminal Justice, and the publications of the New York Crime Commission
are in a class by themselves. If immediate legislative results
are to be the criterion, honors must again go to New York, adding
California, Michigan, Ohio, and to a lesser extent Louisiana, Minnesota,
Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island. In Missouri, Tennessee,
and Connecticut no legislative enactments seem to have resulted.
The Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice, the Baltimore
Criminal Justice Commission, and the Chicago Crime Commission
are voluntary associations in constant touch with the crime situation.
The Ohio and Indiana movements were fostered by state bar associations.
Public commissions authorized by law made the preliminary
investigations in New York, Michigan, California, Louisiana, Pennsylvania,
and Rhode Island. Voluntary associations organized for the
purpose and financed from private funds were responsible for the work
in Illinois and Missouri. The American Institute of Criminal Law
and Criminology fostered the Connecticut and Memphis studies and
gave valuable aid in Illinois. The Cleveland Crime Survey was conducted
under the auspices of the Cleveland Foundation.
Date of Authorship for this Version
crime surveys, American cities and states