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Discipline and Freedom in the Academy, 65 Arkansas Law Review 203 (2012)


There are two distinct accounts of academic freedom.

The first refers to professional ideals of university

governance, the second to principles of constitutional law.

Viewed as an ideal of university governance, academic

freedom is essential to the ongoing administration of

institutions of higher education. The American concept of

academic freedom began in the early years of the twentieth

century. Its first great statement was in the 1915

Declaration of Principles of Academic Freedom by the

American Association of University Professors (AAUP).

The president of the Association at that time was John

Dewey. The principal drafters of the 1915 Declaration

were the economist Edwin R. A. Seligman and the

philosopher Arthur 0. Lovejoy.

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