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The project of securing international criminal justice for the worst

atrocities is approaching its seventieth birthday. At this milepost, it is worth

looking back both on what international criminal justice has accomplished and

what the United States has contributed to it. To use computer programming

terminology, you may think of us as now experiencing what I call

“International Criminal Justice 5.0.” Let me review the five phases of this

historic global project, the role of the United States in advancing it, and the

challenges that still loom ahead for international criminal justice and the United


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