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The term loyal opposition is not often used in American debates because (we think) we lack an institutional structure for allowing minorities to take part in governance. On this view, we've found our own way to build loyalty while licensing opposition, but it's been a rights-based strategy, not an institutional one. Rights are the means we use to build a loyal opposition, and diversity is the measure for our success. The story isn't just wrong. It's also not nearly as attractive a tale as we make it out to be. An unduly narrow focus on rights, combined with some genuinely ugly history, has also led us to endorse thin, even anemic visions of integration. And it's led us to adopt a measure of democratic legitimacy that involves relatively little power for those it's supposed to empower.
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