The 1966 revision of Rule 23 has shaped our political and legal imagination. Building on the 1950 ruling of Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank and Trust
Company, which approved the possibility of binding absentees nationwide through representative litigation, Rule 23 expanded the groups eligible for class treatment. Aggregation responded to felt social needs—for banks to pool trusts, school students to enforce school desegregation injunctions, and consumers to pursue monetary claims too small to bring individually.
Date of Authorship for this Version
Resnik, Judith, "REORIENTING THE PROCESS DUE: USING JURISDICTION TO FORGE POST- SETTLEMENT RELATIONSHIPS AMONG LITIGANTS, COURTS, AND THE PUBLIC IN CLASS AND OTHER AGGREGATE LITIGATION" (2017). Faculty Scholarship Series. 5281.