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The past three years have consolidated expectations about the lawfulness of humanitarian intervention in circumstances in which the lives of large numbers of a population are in danger and such government as is there is either non-existent, ineffective, or itself the threat to basic human rights. In northern Iraq, a far-reaching apd now long-term humanitarian intervention has been accomplished under the aegis of the United Nations. In Liberia, a sub-regional economic union supplied the nominal authority for a substantial humanitarian intervention, led by Nigeria. France intervened in Rwanda with United Nations sanction, and the United States entered Haiti under U.N. authorization and with the agreement of the legitimate government. The tragedies of Somalia, Bosnia-Herzegovina" and the southern Sudan have not been remedied by humanitarian intervention, collective or unilateral. The obstacle has not been uncertainty about the prospective lawfuhiess of such action, but the uncertainty about feasibility.

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