India has a strong tradition of judicial activism for social change and comprehensive laws designed to combat sexual violence against women.
Yet such crime has significantly escalated. In December 2012, a widely publicized assault occurred in Delhi. The victim's death triggered a frantic response from many quarters including legal scholars, religious leaders, global media, and government officials. The central government undertook a comprehensive review of existing mechanisms to deter future crimes against women. Its findings led to the creation or designation of "fasttrack" courts to adjudicate cases involving sexual crime against women.