This Article argues that the meaningful revitalization of Indigenous

nations depends upon engaging in a process of indigenization, the active

pursuit of a distinct developmental path, culture, and identity.

Significant barriers to indigenization include not only political, economic,

and social obstacles, but also psychological reliance upon the colonizing

nation, the inability to recall the memory of the colonization process upon

one's nation, and the pursuit of remedies to colonization that have the

practical effect of promoting rather than alleviating its impact. In light of

these barriers, the Article critically examines the extent to which

indigenization may be assisted or undermined by efforts to develop

international treaty law governing the rights of Indigenous peoples.