Kevin Kolben


The U.S.-Cambodia Bilateral Textile Trade Agreement, signed

on January 20, 1999, was remarkable for its inclusion of a labor

standards provision that created incentives for the Cambodian

garment industry to bring itself into substantial compliance

with international labor standards and Cambodian labor law.

The labor standards provision provided the impetus for the

creation of a novel program, to be operated by the International

Labor Organization (ILO). This program combined trade-related

incentives to enforce workers' rights with an unprecedented plan

to have the ILO conduct factory-level monitoring of working

conditions. This Article examines how the program was

designed and implemented and evaluates the proposals and

conceptions that preceded the final project document. This

analysis provides a case study on how to construct and

implement future programs that combine trade and factory

monitoring to improve working conditions and enforce core

labor rights along the global supply chain.