On October 24, 1989, the Republic of Italy adopted a new Code of Criminal Procedure incorporating significant adversarial procedures into what had previously been a purely inquisitorial system. The architects of the new Code hope that giving the parties, rather than a judge, primary control over the investigation and resolution of cases will yield much-needed efficiencies: Italy, like all Western countries, is burdened with a tremendous backlog of criminal cases that its old inquisitorial system proved unable to handle.
William T. Pizzi & Luca Marafioti,
The New Italian Code of Criminal Procedure: The Difficulties of Building an Adversarial Trial System on a Civil Law Foundation,
Yale J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjil/vol17/iss1/2