Rules, Games and Common-Pool Resources, by Elinor Ostrom, Roy Gardner, and James Walker. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The University of Michigan Press, 1994. 369 pages.

In 1968, California ecologist Garrett Hardin wrote "[p]erhaps the most influential article ever written in the environmental field," a short essay for Science magazine entitled The Tragedy of the Commons. He called for international cooperation to reduce world population growth and analogized the environmental problem to the inevitable failure of peasants to prevent overgrazing of common lands.

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