The Administrative Procedure Act's provisions on formal adjudication give individuals charged in administrative enforcement actions the right to an in-person oral hearing. But not always. Agency prosecutors can circumvent formal hearing procedures without the consent of the defendant by resolving cases on "administrative summary judgment. "
Alexander I. Platt,
Unstacking the Deck: Administrative Summary Judgment and Political Control,
Yale J. on Reg.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjreg/vol34/iss2/2