In the beginning the student

attacks the university. In the end he

demands amnesty. He does so because

his target, the bureaucratic multiversity,

remains underneath it all alma

mater-protector as well as enemy;

source of rights, privileges and

immunities as well as oppressor.

Traditionally, in America, the

relation of the university to its

students has been in loco parentis. Has

its heritage transformed the university

into a sanctuary that confers

immunities and exemptions, or at least

protection from sanctions upon the

academic community? Are tht:

students wrong in expecting freedom

from police interference? When the

police penetrate the campus, are they

comparable to an invading army?

A limited right of sanctuary

emerged in the medieval universities of

Bologna, Paris, and Oxford as a

concession wrested from the civil

authorities by militant contingents of

scholars from many lands, various

classes, and divergent cultures. In

Bologna, lacking civil rights and

consigned to second-class status, they

banded together for protection in

guilds and "nations." At last, victors in

armed clashes with the townspeople,

swift to resort to the threat of a strike

or an economic boycott, they acquired

substantial power within the university

and over the city as well.

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